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Sir Edward Frankland                             1825-1899
Edward was born on 18 January 1825, the son of Margaret Frankland, and Edward Chaddock Gorst, at Churchtown, Garstang, Lancashire. His mother was not married at the time. She later married William Helm, a Lancaster cabinet-maker; they had two sons who died in infancy.
Edward was apprenticed in 1840 to a local pharmacist, Stephen Ross. With support and encouragement from a local doctor, James Johnson, Frankland acquired in 1845 a place in the Westminster laboratory of Lyon Playfair. The following year Playfair accepted the additional role of professor at the Putney College of Engineering, and took Frankland with him as lecture assistant. While there, Frankland encountered another of Playfair's assistants, Hermann Kolbe (1818-1884), with whom he began a lifelong friendship Kolbe had obtained his PhD at the University of Marburg, a city in Hessen, Germany, on the Lahn river. In May 1847 the two friends set off on a three month working visit to Marburg. There he made his first acquaintance with
  Sophie Fick, whom he was later to marry. Subsequent studies took him to laboratories at the University of Marburg, where he took his Ph.D. in 1849.
He succeeded Playfair as professor of chemistry in 1850, holding the same position at Owens College, Manchester (1851-57) (later to become Manchester University), and in London at St. Bartholomew's Hospital (1857). Within two years Frankland obtained an additional post, teaching chemistry at the East India Company's military college at Addiscombe. He remained there until the dissolution of the college in 1861. He succeeded Michael Faraday as professor of chemistry at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, London (1863). In 1865 he began 20 years of service at the Royal School of Mines.
Sophie died from tuberculosis in 1874. Edward subsequently married Ellen Frances Grenside in 1875.
Edward returned to the council of the Royal Society (1875-77) and to his appointment as vice-president (1868-70) and president (1871-2) of the Chemical Society. His efforts led directly, in 1877, to creation of the Institute of Chemistry, the world's first professional organization for scientists. He became its first president.
In 1885 Frankland took early retirement at the age of sixty. He had moved his home to The Yews, a large house on Reigate Hill. Here he established his private laboratory. In 1887 he was made a JP for Reigate. He was awarded the prestigious Copley medal in 1894 by the Royal Society council In the jubilee honours of 1897 was made KCB. He also held honorary doctorates from Oxford and Edinburgh and honorary memberships of over a dozen scientific societies, most of them overseas. He was for many the leading British chemist of the nineteenth century.

Sophie C. Fick                                         1821-1874                   (1st Wife)
Sophie was born in 1821, the daughter of Herr F. W. Fick of Hesse-Cassel, Germany. Sophie contracted tuberculosis, and she was sent to Davos in Switzerland for convalescence, but she died there in 1874.
I have identified the following children.
Margaret Nannie Born 25 Mar 1853   Manchester  
Frederick William Born 18 Apr 1854   Manchester  
Sophie Jeannette Born 3 Nov 1855   Manchester  
Percy Faraday Born 3 Oct 1858   Manchester  

Birth of Parents
Edward Frankland b: 18 Jan 1825         Churchtown, Garstang, Lancashire
son of Margaret Frankland, and Edward Chaddock Gorst

Sophie C. Fick b: abt 1821         near Garstang, Germany
daughter of Herr F. W. Fick of Hesse-Cassel, Germany

1841 Census HO107-553
7 June 1841 Lancaster, Lancashire
117 Penny Street     Born in this County?  
William Helm
Margaret
Edward Frankland
Age 33
Age 40
Age 16
Railway Guard

Druggist Appr.
Yes
Yes
Yes
abt 1807
abt 1800
18 Jan 1825

Marriage
7 Feb 1851
Edward Frankland
Sophie C. Fick
St. Martin-in-the-Fields

Children
Margaret Nannie Frankland b: 25 Mar 1853  c: 19 Jul 1853             St Saviour, Manchester, Lancashire
daughter of Edward Frankland and Sophie C. Fick       1853 2Q Chorlton 8c 51_
Frederick William Frankland b: 18 Apr 1854  c: 17 Jul 1854             St Saviour, Manchester, Lancashire
son of Edward Frankland and Sophie C. Fick       1854 2Q Chorlton 8c 553
Sophie Jeannette Frankland b: 3 Nov 1855  c: 17 Jul 1854             St Saviour, Manchester, Lancashire
daughter of Edward Frankland and Sophie C. Fick       1855 4Q Chorlton 8c 472
Percy Faraday Frankland b: 3 Oct 1858               Hampstead, London
son of Edward Frankland and Sophie C. Fick       1858 4Q Hampstead 1a 473

1861 Census RG9-91 8 April 1861 Bishopwearmouth, County Durham
42 ??? Street
Edward Frankland
Sophia (Wife)
Margaret
Frederick
Sophie
Percy
Plus 2 Servants
Age 36
Age 41
Age 8
Age 6
Age 5
Age 2
Professor of Chemistry

Scholar
Scholar
Scholar
Churchtown
Cassels
Manchester
Manchester
Manchester
London
Lancashire
Germany
Lancashire
Lancashire
Lancashire
Middlesex
18 Jan 1825
abt 1821
25 Mar 1853
18 Apr 1854
3 Nov 1855
3 Oct 1858

1871 Census RG10-25 3 April 1871 St. Johns, Paddington, London
14 Lancaster Gate
Edward Frankland
Sophie C. (Wife)
Margaret N.
Frederick W.
Sophie J.
Percy F.
Plus 3 Servants
Age 46
Age 51
Age 18
Age 16
Age 15
Age 12
PhD Professor Chemistry

Scholar
Student, London Univ.
Scholar
Scholar
Churchtown
near Garstang
Manchester
Manchester
Manchester
London
Lancashire
Germany
18 Jan 1825
abt 1821
25 Mar 1853
18 Apr 1854
3 Nov 1855
3 Oct 1858


Death
Sophie C. (Fick) Frankland Died 1874           Davos, Switzerland



Ellen Frances Grenside                                 1848-1899             (2nd Wife)
Ellen was born abt 1848, the daughter of Charles Knowlys Grenside and Ellen Bromley, in St Pancras, Middlesex.
I have identified the following children.
Ellen Dorothea Born abt 1876   London Married Richard Grenside Hooper
Catherine Frances Helga Born abt 1877   London  

Birth of new wife
Ellen Frances Grenside b: abt 1848         St Pancras, Middlesex       1848 1Q St Pancras 1 6_
daughter of Charles Knowlys Grenside and Ellen Bromley

Marriage
11 May 1875
Edward Frankland
Ellen Frances Grenside
      1875 2Q Kingston 2a 441

The Times, Wednesday, May 12, 1875             MARRIAGES
  On the 11th inst., at St. Mary's, Wimbledon, by the Rev. J. D. Grenside, Rector of Donington, Lincolnshire, assisted by Rev. H. W. Haygarth, Vicar, Professor Frankland, D.C.I., F.R.S., of 14 Lancaster-gate, Hyde-park, to Ellen Frances, eldest daughter of C. K. Grenside, Esq., of Oakfield, Wimbledon.

Children
Ellen Dorothea Frankland b: abt 1876               Londen       1876 2Q Kensington 1a 65
daughter of Edward Frankland and Ellen Frances Grenside
Catherine Frances Helga Frankland b: abt 1877               Londen       1878 1Q Kensington 1a 70
daughter of Edward Frankland and Ellen Frances Grenside

1881 Census RG11-797 4 April 1881 Reigate Foreign, Surrey
Reigate Hill, "The Yews"
Edward Frankland
Ellen F. (Wife)
Margaret N.
Percy F.
E. Dorothea
C. F. Helga
Plus 5 Servants
Age 56
Age 33
Age 28
Age 22
Age 4
Age 3
PhD (Marburg) DCL Professor of Chemistry

PhD Chemistry
Churchtown
London
Manchester
London
London
London
Lancashire
Middlesex

Middlesex
Middlesex
Middlesex
18 Jan 1825
abt 1848
25 Mar 1853
3 Oct 1858
abt 1876
abt 1877

1891 Census RG12-815 6 April 1891 The Palace, Brighton, Sussex
St Michaels Hall, Ladies School
Ellen D. Frankland (Pupil) Age 14 Scholar London abt 1876

Death
Ellen Frances (Grenside) Frankland Died 20 Jan 1899, Age 50,       Reigate, Surry           1899 1Q Reigate 2a 119

The Times, Saturday, Jan 21, 1899                         DEATHS
  FRANKLAND - On the 20th Inst., at The Yews, Reigate, Ellen Frances, the beloved wife of Sir Edward Frankland, in her 51st year.

Death
Edward Frankland Died 9 Aug 1899, Age 74,       at Golaa Gudbrandsdal, Norway
Burial at Reigate churchyard on 22 Aug 1899
Read his Obituary

The Times, Wednesday, Aug 16, 1899                  DEATHS
  FRANKLAND - On the 9th Inst., at Golaa, Gudbrandsdal, Norway, in the 75th year of his age (after a few days illness), Sir Edward Frankland, K.C.B., J.P., D.C.L., For. Sec. Royal Society, of The Yews, Reigate, Surrey.   Funeral at Reigate Cemetery, on the 22nd inst., at 3.30 p.m.

SPECIAL THANKS  to Janice, of Kingston, Ontario, Canada